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“Big daddy Louis XVIth”: On the Reception of the French Revolution in Breton Literature

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This paper is based on a class I taught during the autumn of 2023 for the Celtic literature class of the Licence Breton-Celtique. Charles Fortin. Chouans (Royalist Insurgents in the Western Provinces during the French Revolution) . oil on canvas, c. 1853; Salon des artistes français, Paris, 1853. Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lille, JSTOR , https://jstor.org/stable/community.15672964. Accessed 21 Feb. 2024. Even if the vast majority of the Breton literary production from the end of the XVIIIth century that has reached us is made up of songs printed on follennoù-nij (lit. flying papers), a few later works surely deserve our attention. For Breton publications, the XIXth century is a century in which changes happen to the printed material. Before, the literature that got printed was meant to be read in numbers, namely songs, religious or profane. Throughout the century, with the growing number of readers and the bourgeois culture, we see the appearance and take-over of works meant to be read o

A New Year for the Celtic Students Sociolinguistics Network

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Dia daoibh, a chairde, agus athbhliain faoi mhaise daoibh go léir. As I reflect on 2023, one of the academic highlights that jumps out to me is the creation of the Celtic Students Sociolinguistics Network. The Network was formed back in May, shortly after the Celtic Students Conference in Glaschu. It was at the conference that the idea for the Network emerged, mainly through discussions I had with the amazing 2023 Conference Chair and sociolinguist Erin McNulty. The Celtic Students Conference has always embraced a wide variety of approaches and topics relating to the Celtic languages, and it was especially clear to us in Glaschu that this has ensured a vibrant presence of students interested in the sociolinguistics of Celtic languages (understood broadly as a society- and people-focused approach to researching the Celtic languages). Not only were there a number of papers on sociolinguistics at the Conference in 2023, but the breaks and Conference dinner were full of conversations that

The AIDS Crisis and the Welsh LGBTQIA+ Community

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(Chapter excerpt from Luke Blaidd's undergraduate dissertation, "“What drove the development of Welsh-language LGBTQIA+  terminology 1972-2022?”)  On the 4th of July 1982, Terrence Higgins passed away from AIDs-related complications at St Thomas’ Hospital in London. Originally from Pembrokeshire, Higgins had left Haverfordwest due to feeling alienated for his sexuality and sought a new life in the English capital. It was there while working at gay nightclub Heaven, Higgins collapsed and was promptly admitted to hospital. He eventually succumbed to pneumonia and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy — these would later come to be recognised as complications from an AIDS infection. Higgins himself would come to be identified as one of the first people to die of AIDS-related illness in the United Kingdom. The HIV and AIDS awareness charity Terrence Higgins Trust was founded by close friends of Higgins in his memory. During this period, it was largely informal LGBTQIA+ termin

Halloween Traditions in South Uist

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A Photo of Fuarag South Uist has long been celebrated for its Halloween traditions, so splendidly captured by folklorist Margaret Fay Shaw in the 1930s. But what of those traditions today? And what do the shifting seasonal customs of children tell us about contemporary folk life? I remember the first Halloween in South Uist when I was visited by children. The initial group were welcomed inside to each give a performance – this year’s Mòd Gaelic song, a joke or the like – before getting their sweeties ( recte  candy). A later group knocked at the door yelling “trick or treat”. I was lucky, in retrospect, that no children came with masks on. Those who do, remain silent until their identity is guessed by the adults. Having only recently arrived in the island, I would have had little chance at identifying the children correctly. We would have been there all night, and no one would have got their sweeties. The strategic diversity utilised by the children in attaining their sweeties presents